Causes for Damaged Hair and Some Preventative Tips

  • Damaged hair is one of those things all of us despise and try to avoid or prevent. No one wants to have frizzy or dull looking hair. Damaged hair does not just mean split ends, there is more to it than that. Damaged hair is caused by the outer layer, known as the cuticle of the hair, cracking, thus leaving the hair strand exposed and ultimately leaves hair more susceptible to damage.

    Damage to hair is mostly permanent, and the only real solution is time. However, to alleviate the look and feel of damaged hair, employ a nourishing hair care routine as a daily staple and get regular hair treatments for damaged hair. There are also preventative steps which can be taken before reaching the point of no return. It is important to know the causes for damaged hair in order to know what to do to prevent excessive damage.

    The Main Causes for Damaged Hair:

    Dye & Bleach

    As we all know, dye and bleach can be extremely abrasive to hair. However, some of us are more experimental than others and have a different hair colour every season. There are some tips to decrease the damage dye and bleach can have on hair:

    If you are looking to go for a different hair colour, try and only go three shades lighter or darker than your natural hair. It will require less upkeep and thus will not have as much of an affect on your hair. When dying your hair, it is always recommended that you go to a professional. Box dyes are often more abrasive and do not last as long which shortens time between dyes and, in the long run, cause more damage.

    Bleach dissolves the melanin from your hair which is the component giving your hair its natural colour. The bleach penetrates hair stands and depletes the hair from its natural oils and minerals. Thus, leaving hair brittle, dry, dull, and often difficult to manage.

    To ease existing dye and bleach inflicted damage to hair, consider using salon approved shampoo and conditioner which have been formulated specifically for dyed or bleached hair. This will improve the overall look of your hair and preserve the colour on your hair for much longer. You can even use some olive oil or coconut oil to keep hair full of moisture. You can also speak to your hair care professional and ask them which hair treatment for damaged hair they would recommend.


    Using heat tools such as straighteners, curling tongs and hair dryers cause hair to be more prone to damage. Heat often causes the cuticle to open, making hair more porous. If excessive heat is continuously applied to hair, you can cause irreparable damage to your hair. However, there are some tips and tricks that can assist in preventing the damage caused by heat. Lower the heat of your hairdryer or straightener - you will be surprised to see the same results can be achieved with less heat. It may take longer, but not as long as having to regrow all your hair. There is also a vast selection of heat protection products to use. Make sure to consult with your hair care professional to see which one will work best for you!